Today’s Wonder of the Day was inspired by nicole from AL. nicole Wonders, “how did the months get their names” Thanks for WONDERing with us, nicole!
Even though our modern system may be quite different from the ancient Romans', they gave us something very important: the months' names.
Let's take a look at how the ancient Romans chose the names of the 12 months of the year.
March: The ancient Romans insisted that all wars cease during the time of celebration between the old and new years. Since March was the first month of the new year in ancient Rome, some historians believe the Romans named March after Mars, the Roman god of war.
April: Three theories exist regarding the origin of April's name. Some say April got its name from the Latin word meaning “second" since April was the second month on the ancient calendar. Others claim it comes from “aperire," a Latin word meaning “to open," because it represents the opening of buds and flowers in spring. Still others think April was named after the goddess Aphrodite.
May: May was named after Maia, an earth goddess of growing plants.
July: July was named after Julius Caesar in 44 B.C. Previously, July was called “Quintilis," which is Latin for “fifth."
August: August was named after Augustus Caesar in 8 B.C. Previously, August was called “Sextillia," which was Latin for “sixth."
Though we think of September, October, November, and December as months 9, 10, 11 and 12, these months were 7, 8, 9, and 10 on the ancient Roman calendar. This is how they got their names.
September: September's name comes from septem, Latin for “seven."
October: October's name comes from octo, Latin for “eight."
November: November's name comes from novem, Latin for “nine."
December: December's name come from decem, Latin for “ten."
However, England and the American colonies continued to celebrate the new year on the date of the spring equinox in March. It was not until 1752 that the British and their colonies finally adopted the Gregorian calendar.